The Effectiveness of Using WhatsApp in English Language Teaching during the Covid-19 Pandemic for Junior High School Students


  • Rahayu Malilla English Education Departement, IAIN Bukittinggi
  • Irwandi Irwandi Education Departement, IAIN Bukittinggi



Teaching, Online Learning, WhatsApp


This research is motivated by the change of the learning system from face-to-face (offline system) to online system caused by the COVID-19 pandemic. Yet, the purpose of this study was to determine the effectiveness of teaching English using WhatsApp during the COVID-19 pandemic, both for teaching receptive skills and productive skills using WhatsApp. This research used a descriptive quantitative method. The population in this study was all 7th-grade students at SMPN 2 Tanjung Raya. The sample in this study was all 7th-grade students of SMPN 2 Tanjung Raya as many as 50 students. The data collection technique used total sampling. The data were collected using the questionnaire. This study found that in general, on teaching English receptive skills and productive skills through distance were categorized as effective with a percentage of 79.9%. It means, for receptive skills in listening with an average of 80.6% and reading with an average of 82.4%. And teaching English productive skills with an average of 80.1% speaking and 76.6% writing. It is concluded that the use of the WhatsApp application as an English learning medium by English teachers during the Covid-19 pandemic was effective in teaching four English skills.


Download data is not yet available.


Anderson, L. W., Krathwohl Peter W Airasian, D. R., Cruikshank, K. A., Mayer, R. E., Pintrich, P. R., Raths, J., & Wittrock, M. C. (2001). Taxonomy for_ Assessing a Revision 0F Bl00M’S Tax0N0My 0F Educati0Nal Objectives.

Asmara, R. (2020). Teaching English in a Virtual Classroom Using Whatsapp During Covid-19 Pandemic. In Language and Education Journal (Vol. 5, Issue 1, pp. 16–27).

Church, K., & De Oliveira, R. (2013). What’s up with WhatsApp? Comparing mobile instant messaging behaviors with traditional SMS. MobileHCI 2013 - Proceedings of the 15th International Conference on Human-Computer Interaction with Mobile Devices and Services, 352–361.

Dewi, I. (2019). the Effectiveness of Teaching Using Pictureon Student Skill in Writing Descriptive Text ( a.

Fattah, S. F. E. S. A. (2015). The Effectiveness of Using WhatsApp Messenger as One of Mobile Learning Techniques to Develop Students’ Writing Skills. Journal of Education and Practice, 6(32), 115–127.

Irwandi, I. (2020). Implementing Eclectic Method for ELT through Distance Learning during the Covid-19 Pandemic. Educatio, 15(2), 31–43.

La Hanisi, A., Risdiany, R., Dwi Utami, Y., & Sulisworo, D. (2018). The use of WhatsApp in collaborative learning to improve English teaching and learning process. International Journal of Research Studies in Educational Technology, 7(1).

Maulina, M., Ladjagang, R., Nasrullah, R., M. Esteban Jr, A., Hastianah, H., & Herianah, H. (2022). Conceptualizing Research Methods Used in Teaching Listening Skill Studies Using Social Media and Technological Tools. Journal of Education and Teaching (JET), 3(1), 69–83.

Moore, J. L., Dickson-Deane, C., & Galyen, K. (2011). E-Learning, online learning, and distance learning environments: Are they the same? Internet and Higher Education, 14(2), 129–135.

Nadeak, B. (2020). The effectiveness of distance learning using social media during the pandemic period of covid-19: A case in universitas kristen indonesia. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(7), 1764–1772.

Napratilora, M., Lisa, H., & Bangsawan, I. (2020). Using WhatsApp as a Learning Media in Teaching Reading. MITRA PGMI: Jurnal Kependidikan MI, 6(2), 116–125.

Nasir, N., Bagea, I., Sumarni, S., Herlina, B., & Safitri, A. (2020). Memaksimalkan Fitur “Breaking Rooms” Zoom Meeting pada Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini di Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Jurnal Obsesi : Jurnal Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini, 5(1), 611.

Nawaila, M. B., & Bicen, H. (2018). WhatsApp as a tool for distance learning. PONTE International Scientific Researchs Journal, 74(1).

Nguyen, T. (2015). The Effectiveness of Online Learning: Beyond No Significant Difference and Future Horizons. MERLOT Journal of Online Learning and Teaching, 11(2), 309–319.

Nishanthi, R. (2018). The Importance of Learning English in Today World. International Journal of Trend in Scientific Research and Development, Volume-3(Issue-1), 871–874.

Richards, J. C., Hull, J. C., & Proctor, S. (1990). The Language Teaching Matrix : Curriculum, Methodology, and Materials (p. 200).

Sadikin, A., & Hamidah, A. (2020). Pembelajaran Daring di Tengah Wabah Covid-19. Biodik, 6(2), 109–119.

Suharsaputra, U. (2012). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan Tindakan.

Yinger, R. J. (1987). Learning the Language of Practice. Curriculum Inquiry, 17(3), 293–318.




How to Cite

Malilla, R., & Irwandi, I. (2022). The Effectiveness of Using WhatsApp in English Language Teaching during the Covid-19 Pandemic for Junior High School Students. Journal of Education and Teaching (JET), 3(2), 185-194.